In the first years of the French Revolution, an open, universal and cosmopolitan view of citizenship was pursued. The restrictions placed by the Ancien Régime on foreigners were abolished. Thomas Paine, the English born revolutionary and author of Rights of Man was elected to the French National Convention despite not being able to speak French. Also elected was Anacharsis Cloots, the Prussian born self-proclaimed spokesman of mankind who set up an embassy for the human race …. Download a copy of the article.
This essay on the origins of current strands of European nationalism appeared in Unforgiving Servant Magazine #3 on 4 April 2014.